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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: https://biblioteca-repositorio.clacso.edu.ar/handle/CLACSO/169288
Título : Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and parasite resistance : cross-sectional surveys from antenatal care visit and delivery in rural Ghana
Palabras clave : Malaria;Pregnancy;Plasmodium falciparum;Ghana;IPTp-SP;SP resistance
Descripción : Background Despite decades of prevention efforts, the burden of malaria in pregnancy (MiP) remains a great public health concern. Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), used as intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp-SP) is an important component of the malaria prevention strategy implemented in Africa. However, IPTp-SP is under constant threat from parasite resistance, thus requires regular evaluation to inform decision-making bodies. Methods In two malaria endemic communities in the Volta region (Adidome and Battor), a cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in pregnant women recruited at their first antenatal care (ANC) visit and at delivery. Basic clinical and demographic information were documented and their antenatal records were reviewed to confirm IPTp-SP adherence. Peripheral and placental blood were assayed for the presence of Plasmodium falciparum parasites by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). One hundred and twenty (120) positive samples were genotyped for mutations associated with SP resistance. Results At first ANC visit, P. falciparum prevalence was 28.8% in Adidome and 18.2% in Battor. At delivery, this decreased to 14.2% and 8.2%, respectively. At delivery, 66.2% of the women had taken at least the recommended 3 or more doses of IPTp-SP and there was no difference between the two communities. Taking at least 3 IPTp-SP doses was associated with an average birth weight increase of more than 360 g at both study sites compared to women who did not take treatment (p = 0.003). The Pfdhfr/Pfdhps quintuple mutant IRNI-A/FGKAA was the most prevalent (46.7%) haplotype found and the nonsynonymous Pfdhps mutation at codon A581G was higher at delivery among post-SP treatment isolates (40.6%) compared to those of first ANC (10.22%). There was also an increase in the A581G mutation in isolates from women who took 3 or more IPTp-SP. Conclusions This study confirms a positive impact following the implementation of the new IPTp-SP policy in Ghana in increasing the birth weight of newborns. However, the selection pressure exerted by the recommended 3 or more doses of IPTp-SP results in the emergence of parasites carrying the non-synonymous mutation on codon A581G. This constant selective pressure calls into question the time remaining for the clinical utility of IPTp-SP treatment during pregnancy in Africa.
URI : https://biblioteca-repositorio.clacso.edu.ar/handle/CLACSO/169288
Otros identificadores : https://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:010084577
oai:ird.fr:fdi:010084577
Mama A., Ahiabor C., Tornyigah B., Frempong N. A., Kusi K. A., Adu B., Courtin David, Houze S., Deloron Philippe, Ofori M. F., Anang A. K., Ariey F., Tuikue Ndam Nicaise. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and parasite resistance : cross-sectional surveys from antenatal care visit and delivery in rural Ghana. 2022, 21 (1), p. 107 [9 p.]
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